#October 1 Today In History


*. 1905– František Pavlík is killed in a demonstration in Prague, inspiring Leoš Janáčekto the piano composition 1. X. 1905.
*. 1908– Ford puts the Model T car on the market at a price of US$825.
*. 1910– Los Angeles Times bombing: A large bomb destroys the Los Angeles Times building in downtown Los Angeles, killing 21.
*. 1931– The George Washington Bridge linking New  Jersey and New York opens.
*. 1931– Spainadopted women's suffrage.
*. 1936– Francisco Francois named head of the Nationalist government of Spain.
*. 1937– The Japanese city Handa is founded in Aichi  Prefecture.
*. 1938– Germany annexes the Sudetenland.
*. 1939– After a one-month Siege of Warsaw, hostile Nazi forces enter the city.
*. 1940– The Pennsylvania Turnpike, often considered the first superhighway in the United States, opens to traffic.
*. 1946– Nazi leaders are sentenced at Nuremberg  trials.
*.1946 – Daegu October Incident occurs in Allied  occupied Korea.
*.1946 – Mensa International is founded in the United Kingdom.
*. 1949– The People's Republic of China is established and declared by Mao Zedong.
*. 1957– First appearance of In God we trust on U.S. paper currency.
*. 1958– NASA is created to replace NACA.
*. 1960– NIGERIA GAINS INDEPENDENCE FROM THE UNITED KINGDOM.
*. 1961– The United States Defense Intelligence  Agency(DIA) is formed, becoming the country's first centralized military espionage organization.
*.1961 – East and West Cameroon merge to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon.
*. 1962– First broadcast of The Tonight Show Starring  Johnny Carson.
*. 1964– The Free Speech Movement is launched on the campus of University of California, Berkeley.
*.1964 – Japanese Shinkansen("bullet trains") begin high-speed rail service from Tokyo to Osaka.
*. 1965– General Suharto puts down an apparent coup attempt by the 30 September Movement in Indonesia.
*. 1966– West Coast Airlines Flight 956 crashes with eighteen fatalities and no survivors 5.5 miles south of Wemme, Oregon. This accident marks the first loss of a DC-9.
*. 1968– The Guyanese government takes over the British Guiana Broadcasting Service (BGBS).
*. 1969– Concorde breaks the sound barrier for the first time.
*. 1971– Walt Disney World opens near Orlando,  Florida, United States.
*.1971 – The first brain-scan using x-ray computed  tomography(CT or CAT scan) is performed at Atkinson Morley Hospital in Wimbledon, London.
*. 1975– The Seychelles gain internal self-government. The Ellice Islands split from Gilbert Islands and take the name Tuvalu.
*.1975 – Thrilla in Manila: Muhammad Ali defeats Joe  Frazier in a boxing match in Manila, Philippines.
*.1975 – Al Jackson, Jr.( Booker T. & the M.G.'s), was shot fatally five times in the back in his own home.
*. 1978– Tuvalu gains independence from the United Kingdom.
*.1978 – The Voltaic Revolutionary Communist Partyis founded.
*. 1979– Pope John Paul II begins his first pastoral visit to the United States.
*.1979 – The United States returns sovereignty of the Panama Canal to Panama.
*. 1982– Helmut Kohl replaces Helmut Schmidt as Chancellor of Germany through a constructive vote  of no confidence.
*.1982 – Sonylaunches the first consumer compact  discplayer (model CDP-101).

*. 1987– The Whittier Narrows earthquake shakes the San Gabriel Valley, registering as magnitude5.9.
*. 1989– Denmark introduces the world's first legal modern same-sex civil union called "registered partnership".
*. 1991– The Siege of Dubrovnik begins.
*. 1992– Cartoon Network begins broadcasting.
*. 1994– Palau gains independence from the United  Nations( trusteeship administered by the United States of America).
*. 2009– The Supreme Court of the United Kingdomtakes over the judicial functions of the House of  Lords.
*. 2012– A ferry collision off the coast of Hong Kong kills 38 people and injures 102 others.
*.2012 – Domestic and International flights of Thai  AirAsia transferred all operations from Suvarnabhumi Airport to Don Mueang International Airport.

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