#October 13 Today In History


*. 1847– German inventor and industrialist Werner von Siemens founds Siemens & Halske, which later becomes Siemens AG, the largest engineering company in Europe.
*. 1871– Criminal Tribes Act(CTA) enacted by British  rule in India, which named over 160 local communities ' Criminal Tribes', i.e. hereditary criminals. Repealed in 1949, after Independence of  India.
*. 1892– The Pledge of Allegiance is first recited by students in many US public schools, as part of a celebration marking the 400th anniversary of Columbus's voyage.
*. 1901– President Theodore Roosevelt officially renames the "Executive Mansion" to the White  House.
*. 1918– A massive forest fire kills 453 people in Minnesota.
*. 1953– The Caine Mutiny Court-Martial opens at Plymouth Theatre, New York City
*. 1960– Cold War: Nikita Khrushchev pounds his shoe  on a deskat United Nations General Assembly meeting to protest a Philippine assertion of Soviet  Union colonial policy being conducted in Eastern Europe
*.1960 – Television viewers in Japan unexpectedly witness the assassination of Inejiro Asanuma, leader of the Japan Socialist Party, when he is stabbed and killed during a live broadcast.
*. 1962– Infamous Columbus Day Storm strikes the U.S. Pacific Northwest with record wind velocities; 46 dead and at least U.S. $230 million in damages
*. 1963– After nearly 23 years of imprisonment, Reverend Walter Ciszek, a Jesuit missionary, was released from the Soviet Union.
*. 1968– Equatorial Guinea becomes independent from Spain
*. 1970– Vietnam War: US President Richard Nixon announces that the United States will withdraw 40,000 more troops before Christmas
*. 1983– Japan's former Prime Minister Tanaka Kakuei is found guilty of taking a $2 million bribe from Lockheed and is sentenced to four years in jail.
*. 1984– Brighton hotel bombing: The Provisional Irish  Republican Army attempt to assassinate Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and her cabinet. Thatcher escapes but the bomb kills five people and wounds 31.
*. 1986– Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom and Prince  Philip, Duke of Edinburgh visit the People's Republic of China
*. 1988– Jaffna University Helidrop: Commandos of Indian Peace Keeping Force raided the Jaffna University campus to capture the LTTE chief and walked into a trap.
*.1988 – Two officers of the Victoria Police are gunned down execution-style in the Walsh Street police  shootings, Australia.
*.1988 – Birchandra Manu massacre in Tripura, India
*. 1991– Askar Akayev, previously chosen President of  Kyrgyzstan by republic's Supreme Soviet, is confirmed president in an uncontested poll.
*. 1992– A 5.8 earthquake occurred in Cairo, Egypt. At least 510 died.
*. 1997– Sidi Daoud massacre in Algeria that killed 43 at a fake roadblock.
*. 1999– Pervez Musharraf takes power in Pakistan from Nawaz Sharif through a bloodless coup.
*.1999 – The former Autonomous Soviet Republic of Abkhazia declares its independence from Georgia
*. 2000– The USS Cole is badly damaged in Aden,  Yemen, by two suicide bombers, killing 17 crew members and wounding at least 39.
*. 2002– Terrorists detonate bombs in the Sari Club in Kuta, Bali, killing 202 and wounding over 300.
*. 2003– Michael Schumacher wins his sixth Formula  One Drivers' championship at the 2003 Japanese  Grand Prix to beat the 48-year-old record held by Juan Manuel Fangio
*. 2013– Fifty-one people are killed after a truck veers  off a cliff in La Convención Province in Peru.

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